Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia

Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia
(Last Updated On: April 7, 2021)

Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia is the country’s most popular tourist destination, was given UNESCO World Heritage status in 1979.

In the central Croatia hills, several small rivers and Mediterranean waterways converge to feed the 16 lakes that make up the center of the Plitvice Lakes National Park. With the vast underground water system passing over the porous karst surface of the region, the flowing water has probably disappeared into the earth and re-flowed elsewhere.

Recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979, the National Park is Croatia’s premier tourist destination. Swimming is not allowed in these crystalline-transparent but ecologically fragile pools, although advanced woodland trails flow through interstate lakes, allowing a closer look at the water.

Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia

Plitvice Lakes National Park is Croatia’s most popular attraction, with more than 1.5 million visitors in 20 and more expected this year. Its popularity is no surprise since Plitvice is a unique natural wonder with its 16 terraced crystal clear lakes and 90 waterfalls.

The Plitvice National Park is 3 km from Zagreb and 20 km from Split. It has 16 lakes connected by waterfalls. These waterfalls were created by limestone sediments in the water, which was deposited in lakes to create a limestone barrier known as tufa or travertine .. animals and plants. The park’s plant is composed of 267 plants.

Plitvice Lakes National Park (Croatian: Nacionalni park Plitvička jezera, conversational Plitvice, pronounced [plîtʋitse]) is one of the oldest and largest national parks in Croatia. In 1979, the Plitvice Lakes National Park was added to the UNESCO World Heritage article.

Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia was established in 1949 and is located in the central Karsta region of Central Croatia on the border of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The important north-south road connects the Croatian interior area with the Adriatic coastal region through the National Park area.

The protected area of the scenic Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatiacovers 296.85 square kilometers (73,350 acres). About 90% of the area is part of Lika-Sainz County, while the remaining 10% is part of Karlovac County.

Each year, more than 1 million visitors are recorded. The entrance is subject to variable charges of up to $ 250 per day in the summer of 2018 or up to about $ 34 per adult.

Panorama

The National Park is world-renowned for its cascade lakes – sixteen lakes are seen from the surface. The lakes are connected to each other and follow the flow of water. They are separated by the natural dam of travertine, which is deposited by the action of shoals, algae, and bacteria. An interplay between water, air, and vegetation results in a particularly sensitive travertine barrier. Encrusted plants and bacteria accumulate on top of each other, creating a travertine barrier that grows at a rate of about 1 cm (0.4 in) per year.

The lake is divided into an upper and lower cluster formed by the runoff from the mountains, landing 63 636 to 5 meters (2,787 to 1,666 feet) at an altitude of about 5 km (1.5 miles) and connected to the south. – Lakes on the north side collectively cover approximately 0.77 square miles, draining water from the lowest lakes of the Korona River.

The lakes of the Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia are famous for their distinctive colors, starting from green, gray or blue. The colors change constantly depending on the amount of water or mineral or organism and the angle of sunlight.

Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia

Location

Route and distance

The Plattevis Lake is formed between the Dinaric Alps to the west, the Mala Capella Mountains to the west and the Plagevica Mountains to the east. The national park is divided between Slanz and Korenica in D1 Zagreb Bosnia and Herzegovina on the national route. The other major municipalities in the vicinity are Ogulin, Rakovica, Otoyak, Gopius, and Ship, in Bosnia.

The shortest linear distance between the Adriatic coast and the national park is 55 kilometers (34 miles). The distance from the coastal city of Sainz is about 110 km (68 miles) by road. Travelers to the Velibeit Mountains arrive on the Croatian Cors plains of Liquor. These plains are characterized by many karst poles (eg: Gecko poles).

The fastest north-south road connection between Croatia, the A1 Zagreb – Split runs about 50 kilometers (31 miles) west of the national park and thus encompasses the protected area. The Plitvice Lakes National Park can be reached either from the Karlovac exit in the north to the Autosack exit in the west or the Gronza Plwa exit to the south.

The nearest airports are Zadar, Zagreb, and Rijeka. The nearest train stations are Josipdol and Plazaki, although there is no direct bus connection from these train stations to the lakes. Lakes can be accessed directly from Zagreb, Karlovac, Zadar or Split by bus using public transport.

The river

The Plitvice lake was born south of the park, in combination with Bizella Rijeka (English White River) and Kran Rijeka (English Black River). These rivers originate to the south of the Municipality of Plitvsky and merge into a bridge in this village. From this place to the lake, the water masses are known as matika (English for water sources, meaning root or root).

One part of the Promanasco Jejero is in the Gulf of Limon (also called Limon), and a small river flows into the lake. This river is fed by standing fountains; The amount of water, however, varies. Temporarily, the other’s water, usually dead creeks, reaches from the west to Prananco Jejero.

The Plitvica River reaches the Plitvice Lake Chain at the northern end through a large waterfall. This place is called CheapVC. The Korana River forms the water bodies of the Plitvice Lake and the Plitvice River.

Climate

On average, the annual rainfall on the Plitvice Lake is 1,500 mm (59.06 in). Typically, the largest rainfall amounts are measured in spring and autumn (autumn). The average relative air humidity is 81.8 percent. In January, the average temperature is 2.2 ° C (36 ° F). During the summer months of July and August, the temperature rises to 17.4 degrees Celsius (63 degrees Fahrenheit). The average annual temperature is 7.9 ° C (46 ° F). It is snowing from November to March. Usually, the lakes are frozen between December and January.

The water temperature of the shower is usually below 10 ° C (50 ° F). The temperature of the water between the rivers and lakes rises to 20 degrees C (68 degrees F). নিম্নলিখিত For the different water temperatures measured in July, 1954, the following example shows the huge temperature difference between the lakes: Temperatures of 18.9 ° C (66 ° F) were measured in the Kozak lake at a depth of 4 m. Measured 5 ° C (41 ° F) at a depth of 20 m. The temperature was measured 4.1 ° C (39 ° F) at a depth of 44 meters, virtually below the lake.

The plants

Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia is largely forested with beaches, spruce, and fur trees, and has a mix of alpine and Mediterranean plants. Due to its small liquefaction, diffusion of different soils, and elevated levels of different species, there are different communities of plants.

Scientists have so far identified 1,267 different types of plants, including 109 species recorded in the National Park area. The 75 species of plants are endemic in nature, meaning they were first defined and classified in or around this region of the earth. A large number of these plants and species are protected by law. 55 different species of orchids can be found in the National Park area.

The variation of the great plants creates an interesting interplay of the colors changing with the tu. The lake region is surrounded by dense forests. The national park has an area of ​​20,22 hectares, of which about 22.5 hectares of forest land (.6.6 percent), in the area of ​​9,957 hectares (27.9 percent) and 277 hectares (7.72 percent) of water area. One unique area is Ekurova Uwala Forest, a 79.50-hectare large virgin forest in the northwestern part of the park. Beach and fur trees in this area of ​​the park are 700 years old.

Fauna

The area of ​​the National Park contains a wide range of species of animals and birds. Rare species such as the European brown bear, gray wolf, ag eagle, owl, Eurasian ling, European wildcat and caprelli are also found along with many other common species.

The wide area of ​​the National Park is one of the latest regions in Europe where abundant wild brown bears and wolves are found. Scientists have discovered 321 different types of butterflies so far, including 76 daytime flying butterflies and 245 nocturnal moths. Scientists have, however, estimated that up to 5 percent of the entire butterfly population can still be identified. In addition, 12 amphibian species, as well as some reptile species were recorded, such as Viviparus tikitaki (Lesarta vivipara), European green tick (Leserta viridis), Pasha snake (Natrix tessellalta), Vipera berce, Vipera emoris achorites (Vupera amoris).

Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia

As a species of bird, Plitvice Lake ranks third for diversity within Croatian national parks. About 157 species were counted, of which 70 were recorded as breeding there. There are many types of bats on Plitvice Lake. Recent searches have listed about 20 different bat species, among them the rare species of Plecotas.

Among the main species, brown trout (Salmo truta fario and Salmo truta lacustris) may be mentioned. Salmo truta fario is mostly found in the upper lakes, while Salmo truta lacustris is found mainly in Kozak Lake. These species evolved individually in different life situations in different lakes.

Due to the increased growth of plants in the barrier, allochthonous (species that originate elsewhere and are not included in this ecosystem) spread rapidly to fish species and thus endangered the autochthonous trout species. In addition to trout, common fragments (Foxinus Foxinas) are also available in the Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia.

As a result of human intervention, Salvilinus alpinus and North American rainbow trout species have been introduced to this ecosystem. Recently, even European legumes (Scallius cephalus) and common rood (Scardinius erythropothalamus), species that may be responsible for climate change, have been discovered. The number of nearly extinct crayfish is rising again. Rare Olam (Proteus Anguinas) is even found in the Crest Cave in this region.

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Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia

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